Relevant ProMundis Blogposts
The German language 2015 Yearbook on Christian Persecution and Discrimination of Christians and the 2015 Yearbook on Religious Freedom are available for download
The two yearbooks, published in October 2015, are now available for free download and to implemented and offered on other websites.
Every year, the German Evangelical Alliance makes the yearbooks available to members of the Bundestag, Germany’s parliament. Similar initiatives are undertaken in Switzerland and Austria. Additional copies can be requested in order to pass them on to politicians and church leaders.
The two yearbooks are published annually by Thomas Schirrmacher, Max Klingberg, and Ron Kubsch for the International Society for Human Rights, the International Institute for Religious Freedom, and the working groups on religious freedom within the three German-speaking alliances, the German Evangelical Alliance, the Swiss Evangelical Alliance, and the Austrian Evangelical Alliance.
- Th. Schirrmacher, R. Kubsch, M. Klingberg (eds.). Jahrbuch Verfolgung und Diskriminierung 2015. Studien zur Religionsfreiheit Bd. 25. Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft: Bonn, 2015. ISBN 978-3-86269-111-1. Pb. 316 pp.
- Th. Schirrmacher, M. Klingberg (eds.). Jahrbuch Religionsfreiheit 2015. Studien zur Religionsfreiheit Bd. 26. Verlag für Kultur und Wissenschaft: Bonn, 2015. ISBN 978-3-86269-112-8. Pb. 268 pp.
- Both books are published and bound together as one turnaround book with a total of 584 pages for a price of 10 Euros.
Downloads and Links:
- Double Cover (PDF)
- Cover of the Christian Persecution and Discrimination Yearbook (JPG)
- 2015 Christian Persecution and Discrimination Yearbook (PDF)
- Cover of the Religious Freedom Yearbook (JPG)
- 2015 Religious Freedom Yearbook (PDF)
- Both yearbooks can also be downloaded here.
Historic gathering of global Christian leaders to discuss a common reaction to “Discrimination, Persecution, Martyrdom”
(Bonn, 17.11.2015) 75 Christian church leaders from churches and countries that know “Discrimination, Persecution, Martyrdom” were listened to by 75 top global Christian church leaders from other counties, in a recent non-public consultation in Albanian’s capital Tirana. The consultation, organised by the Global Christian Forum, then went from listening to discussing how the church at large should react to discrimination, persecution and martyrdom.
- “The consultation is historic for two reasons.
It was the first ever global meeting of any kind in which representatives of virtually all Christian confessions gathered around the topic ‘discrimination, persecution, martyrdom’ and listened to witnesses from dozens of countries from all continents.
- For the first time ever World Christianity apologised for having persecuted each other in history, as the final document now reads: ‘We repent of having at times persecuted each other and other religious communities in history, and ask forgiveness from each other and pray for new ways of following Christ together.’
Both steps are a historic move both for ecumenical relations between churches as well as for the larger fight for religious freedom worldwide.” (Thomas Schirrmacher)
The delegations from the four global Christian bodies, that worked together under the umbrella of the Global Christian Forum, were represented by their top leaders. The Vatican was represented by Kurt Cardinal Koch, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, the World Council of Churches and the World Evangelical Alliance by their General Secretaries, Rev. Olav Tveit and Bishop Efraim Tendero, and the Pentecostal World Fellowship by board member Rev. David Wells representing the Chairman Prince Guneratnam, who had fallen ill. In a message to the consultation, Pope Francis said,
“I think with great sadness of the escalating discrimination, and persecution against Christians in the Middle East, Africa and Asia and elsewhere throughout the world. In various parts of the world, the witness to Christ, even to point where blood is shed, has become a shared experience of Catholics, Orthodox, Anglicans, Protestants, Evangelicals and Pentecostals.”
E.g., Bishop Efraim Tendero stated on behalf of WEA:
“We will do whatever possible to help and train our people to overcome prejudices against other Christian traditions, and not to confuse things from the past with present realities.” He especially called for healing memories of past persecution of Christians by Christians, stating: “We are glad that repentance for persecuting each other is part of our message. We see the importance of healing memories wherever this has happened. We will encourage our pastors and churches to do this on a local level and discuss ways with the four bodies behind this consultation, how to facilitate this on a national, regional and global level.”
The equivalents of the four global bodies within the host country Albania were led by the head of the Albanian Orthodox Church, Archbishop Athanasios, the General Secretary of the Catholic Bishops Conference, Bishop George Frendo, O.P., and the Chair of the Albanian Evangelical Alliance, Rev. Ali Kurti.
Cooperation and equal sharing between the different confessions was manifested everywhere. The planning committee consisted of 2 representatives from each body plus the General Secretary of the Global Christian Forum, Larry Miller, and his conference director, Joy Lee. It applied to the speakers and witnesses, as well as to the 40 young stewards that came in equal numbers from all confessions in Albania and had spent several days together before the consultation.
The consultation was non-public due to the danger for church leaders from the Middle East and other violent situations. Only after the end of the consultation things became public especially though a reception for all delegates by the Muslim President of Albania, who praised religious freedom and thanked the Global Christian Forum and the four global bodies for having chosen Albania as host country, a country, where all religions had been molested by communism, even destroying every church building or mosque, but which since 1990 has returned to full religious freedom for all the major and minor religions in the country.
Quotations from leaders of WEA present in Tirana
Bishop Efraim Tendero, Secretary General of the World Evangelical Alliance:
“As Christians, we follow a Lord who was crucified as a criminal. The good news that Jesus brought was a threat both to civil and religious powers of his day, so it should come as no surprise to us that persecution will likely follow for those who follow Jesus. And yet… we come together because the gospel also says NO to persecution. Despite the differences that separate some of our communities of faith, the current crises around the world demand that together we collaborate for those who suffer persecution and martyrdom.”
Bishop Cesar Vicente Punzalan III, D.Min.,Ph.D., vice-moderator of intrafaith and interfaith relations, World Evangelical Alliance:
The conference had provided a venue to share faith stories which moved everyone to pray for one another.
Dr. Wilf Gasser, Associate Secretary General, World Evangelical Alliance:
“I was already encouraged to see how the global church united around this issue of discrimination and persecution of brothers and sisters in faith. But I was most impressed how asking each other for forgiveness for slandering and discriminating each other throughout history has made it into the final message of the meeting. Change in the world has to start within ourselves.”
Brian C Stiller, Global Ambassador, World Evangelical Alliance:
“This Global Christian Forum avoided cerebral niceties and conventional mantras. Resting clearly in the heart of the Gospel and made alive by Christ’s presence, the subject at hand was faced head on. We established a foundation of biblical assumptions which led us together. We acknowledged historical squabbles and in conversation opened the door for further opportunities of clarification and resolution. I was deeply enriched by the homilies and messages of many.”
Rev. Dr. Richard Howell, General Secretary, Asian Evangelical Alliance, board member, Global Christian Forum:
The united voice of the Global Church determined to work for peace and reconciliation in solidarity with one another is a sign of the Triune God at work in the lives of His people. The highlight is the mutual repentance which paves the way for united action in common witness to the crucified and resurrected Lord Jesus Christ. May the global Church always remain sensitive to the guidance of the Holy Spirit and committed to overcome barriers that have divided us and undermined our witness.
Prof. Dr. Christof Sauer, Co-Director, International Institute for Religious Freedom of WEA, member of consultation planning group:
“The consultation issued a remarkable message to the global church. It has found a language that can be widely accepted. The division of Christians by differing use of language must be overcome. The ongoing production of a glossary on the topic discrimination, persecution and martyrdom by the International Institute for Religious Freedom of WEA can contribute to that.”
Prof. Dr. Thomas Schirrmacher, Chair of the Theological Commission of WEA, Moderator of intrafaith and interfaith relations:
“We had not planed to discuss the question of Christians discriminating against and persecuting Christians, even though it came up in the discussions from the very beginning. But than the heads oft he delegation of the Catholic Church proposed, that any call to stop persecution of Christian should mention first, that also Christians in history have persecuted other religions and other churches. The representative of the Pentecostal World Fellowship was very happy about this, but added the apology, that Pentecostals often had a pride and ignorance to those historic churches who carried the gospel through history, often at high costs. The repentance of churches persecuting churches and other religions in the final message is was the unexpected cream on top of a very successful consultation – if one may use such terms in spite of the sad topic of the consultation.”
Rev. Prof. Thomas K. Johnson, Ph.D., Human Rights Advisor to the Theological Commission, World Evangelical Alliance:
“1. In response to the encouragement from Bishop Ef, the evangelical church in which I normally worship already took special efforts on the IDOP, November 8, 2015, to pray for persecuted Christians whose churches were previously unknown to most of our members. It was simply right, and pleasing to God we think, to pray for the heroic believers from the ancient, historic churches, some of whom are now suffering greatly while offering a powerful witness to the gospel of Jesus Christ.
2. A crucial achievement of the Tirana consultation on the discrimination, persecution, and martyrdom of Christians is that not only have Christians who may have once persecuted each other now pledged to treat each other like brothers and sisters in the faith. They have also pledged multi-dimensional cooperation in responding to religious persecution and extremism, using the tools available in research, education, the media, and government relations. There is a huge amount to do, but altogether these efforts might turn the corner in response to the current flood of religious discrimination and persecution in so much of the world.”
Quotations from other church leaders
Larry Miller, General Secretary of the Global Christian Forum:
“The GCF exists to enable churches of all traditions to face common challenges together. It is highly fitting that the first of these initiatives is to support Christians around the world as they face discrimination, persecution and martyrdom in their communities. But these situations have inspired not only Christian unity. It has also provoked fraternal conflicts or at least mutual suspicions. Yet, awareness of this fact only reinforced the conviction that the time had come for us to address the challenge together.”
Pastor Ingolf Ellssel, board member, Pentecostal World Fellowship Executive, member oft he planning committee:
“I am excited about this initiative of the Global Christian Forum bringing world Christianity together and lifting up the voices of those suffering discrimination, persecution and martyrdom. I hope is the beginning of a new process of unity in the Body of Christ.”
Rev. Dr Olav Fykse Tveit, General Secretary, World Council of Churches:
“It is so significant that we start with listening to those whose churches are going through challenging times right now. All of us need to learn from those voices among us that on a daily basis experience the reality of discrimination and persecution. We need to listen to those who know how martyria, witness, and martyrdom are closely interrelated and inter-connected.”
Rev. Dr Hielke Wolters, associate general secretary, World Council of Churches:
“The consultation has turned out to be a unique event, where Christians from different traditions came together in a very effective way to support the churches going through difficult and challenging times.”
“It is a strong sign of hope that churches and ecumenical organisations with such a diverse background are ready to work together to support Christians that go through difficult times. Religious freedom is important for all of us, whether Christian, Muslim or adherent of any other religion. We are grateful that we can strengthen this important work in cooperation with churches and organisations from the Catholic, Pentecostal and Evangelical traditions.”
- Cosultation Message (pdf)
- Final speech of Bishop Efraim Tendero (pdf)
- All Photos © International Institut for Religious Freedom (IIRF)
- Photo 1: The General Secretary of the Albanian Evangelical Alliance Akil Pano welcoming the delegates of the consultation “Discrimination, Persecution, Martyrdom” to Tirana – at the table the representatives of the four global Christian bodies and of their counterparts in Albania
- Photo 2: Three heads of delegations (left to right): Bishop Efraim Tendero, General Secretary of the World Evangelical Alliance, Olav Tveit, General Secretary of the World Council of Churches, Kurt Cardinal Koch, President of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity
- Photo 3: Godfrey Yogaraja addressing the plenary of the consultation “Discrimination, Persecution, Martyrdom” as Director of the Religious Liberty Commission of the World Evangelical Alliance
- Photo 4: Thomas Schirrmacher, Chair of the Theological Commission of the World Evangelical Alliance
- Photo 5: The General Secretaries of the World Council of Churches, Rev. Olaf Tveit, and the World Evangelical Alliance, Bishop Efraim Tendero, in front of the Orthodox Cathedral in Tirana
- Photo 6: Bishop Efraim Tendero and his wife listening to the Albanian president, together with Thomas Schirrmacher (left) and the president of the Albanian Evangelical Alliance (right)
- Photo 7: The General Secretary of the Global Christian Forum, Larry Miller, and his wife Eleanor talking with the President of Albania
- Photo 8: Speech manuscript copies in different languages
These pictures may be used by press and media, if stated: “By courtesy of Thomas Schirrmacher“.
My blog of 12 October 2015 Is The Pope the Antichrist? Not according to sola scriptura! has been placed under the original article I reacted to, on the website of the World Reformed Fellowship. Because of the strong personal reaction of the other author, I added the following paragraphs:
Appendix added on October 15, 2015, at the request of Thomas Schirrmacher:
- Of course I have read Turretin, yet, he supposes a whole eschatological system, which goes far beyond what the short verses on the antichrist state. I do not find his arguments convincing as good exegesis of the Greek text of those verses. He also argues, „that the Antichrist will not openly deny Christ as a professed enemy but as a professed friend of Christ who praises Him with their words, yet fights Him with his actions.“ But where does any NT verse say something like this? And if the Antichrist openly confesses Christ, how can you know, who else professing Christ beyond the Pope could be the Antichrist. John does not say, that the Antichrist secretly in his heart denies Christ, but with his mouth preaches him, he says: „This is the Antichrist, that denies …“.
- Turretin argues, that Islam cannot be meant. But he wrote in a time, when information about Islam still were not very in-depth. I am very careful in giving a final opinion on eschatological things happening before Christ’s return. But if I would look for an anti-Christian institution denying Christ in the way, John defines it, Islam would be my first choice. Of course they do not deny it only in their heart, as Turretin thought, but very openly. Yet, if I have to choose between the Papacy and Islam, only the latter would fit the description.
- One could say, that by saying, that Papcy is the antichrist, one does not say that Pope Francis is the Antichrist. But Luther, wesley and Spurgeon and others also included the living Pope’s and attacked them as antichrist. Turettin meant successive Popes, but that clearly included the one living at his time. And the blog discussed, says „that the Pope is the Antichrist.“ Yes, this means every Pope, but of course it also means the present Pope. So of course one may ask, whether the present Pope really is, what comes to your mind, when you read Scripture.
- To say that Papacy is the antichrist is part of a whole complicated eschatological system, and you have to take the whole system or leave it, you cannot single out the one idea that papacy is the antichrist. What Turretin wrote in the 17th century seems to argue with a different world from ours today, many developments took a different road than he thought.
Thomas Schirrmacher with Thomas K. Johnson
While I am representing the World Evangelical Alliance at the Vatican synod and shake hands with the Pope daily, the Vatican Files state as “Evangelical Theological Perspectives” that the Pope is the “Antichrist” and references 1 John 2:18; 2:22; 4:3; 2 John 1:7 and the Beast of Revelation 13:17-18. It quotes historic persons such as Martin Luther, historic confessions such as the Westminster Confession, and especially explains the views of Francis Turretin (1623-1687), who is often seen as the master of classical Protestant theology.
I am very grateful for the references to Reformation and early Reformed sources. There is much that we modern Evangelicals can learn from these sources that will strengthen the work of the gospel today. I have written about Reformation theology and have translated Reformation texts into modern language, as have some of my closest colleagues. But for Evangelicals, sola scriptura counts. The Bible stands as an authority even over our own traditions. So I wished that the blog would have given convincing exegetical arguments why the texts in 1 and 2 John and Revelation 13:17-18 relate to the Pope. The antichrist is the one who “denies that Jesus is the Christ” and denies “that Jesus Christ came in the flesh.” Is this an honest description of the current Pope or the papacy in general? I think not. Pope Benedict wrote three volumes on Jesus, the Christ, God incarnate. The central descriptions of the antichrist in all the texts by John are the opposite of what the Pope stands for. Indeed, it is 1 John 4:2,3 that makes me think we have to talk with the Pope and most Roman Catholic leaders in a very friendly manner, expecting that the Holy Spirit is active in their lives, even if we disagree with very important and well-known themes in their teaching.
“This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world.”
The Vatican Files mention but then put aside the fact that there are numerous opinions in the Evangelical world how to understand the New Testament texts about the Antichrist, and the view that the Antichrist is or was the Pope is a minority position even among Evangelicals. But if Evangelicals are far from agreeing on the meaning of the texts about the Antichrist, how can such a hard judgement about the Pope be built on them and stand as the standard Evangelical perspective?
As far as I can see, none of the present day Evangelical exegetical commentaries on 1 John and Revelation find the Pope or the Catholic Church in those texts. This should be, I believe, the end of debate. If we cannot prove an opinion by exegesis of Holy Scripture, history gives us no authority to make this harsh judgement. Even Luther did not exegete the texts in John to prove that the Pope is the antichrist; he just used the term against the Pope. Let’s follow Luther and the Reformation in using the principle of sola scriptura, even if that means disagreeing with some opinions of those Reformers.
See also the more recent post: Is the Pope the Antichrist?